Publications

Foreign Policy

All for Nothing

Migrants who fail to reach Europe face humiliation, isolation, and impoverishment at home.

The Savior’s Dilemma

Are naval search-and-rescue operations saving migrants’ lives—or just encouraging them to take greater risks?

My Smuggler, My Savior

They’re migrants’ only chance of making it safely across the Sahara. They’re also outlaws engaged in a deadly game of cat and mouse with Niger’s military.

Highway Through Hell

The human-smuggling route across the Sahara may have been the deadliest on Earth. Then the EU paid Niger’s army to shut it down — and made it even more treacherous.

The Deported

Europe is expelling thousands of Africans. To one Malian deportee, that looks like a recipe for revolution.

Mali's Migrant Crackdown

Europe has been helping fight the country’s jihadis for years. Now it’s turning its sights on human smugglers.

The Paradox Of Prosperity

Europe is spending billions of dollars to jump-start Africa’s poorest economies. But that may just accelerate the exodus.

The Midnight Train to Moscow

Joseph Schottenfeld and George Butler follow one of the world's largest migrations: workers traveling by train from Tajikistan to Moscow.